Created by UMass Lowell graduate student/Methuen High School social studies teacher Stephanie Turmel under the supervision of UMass Distinguished Professor of History Robert Forrant and Lawrence History Center staff (2019). 

Unit Plan #1: The Immigrant City 

Summary: This unit plan focuses on the early history of Lawrence. Students learn about how and why Lawrence became a city. They also learn who immigrated to Lawrence, where they came from, and why they came during different time periods. 

Essential Questions: What are the experiences of past Lawrence immigrants and how do they compare to those of today’s immigrants? What are the different reasons immigrants come to the United States?